Mr. Knapp Needs a Staff: 165th Street Soures

All online sources accessed July 2016.

Books and Publications
Bolton, Reginald Pelham. Washington Heights Manhattan, Its Eventful Past. Dyckman Institute, New York, 1924.

Bureau of Municipal Research. "The Park Question, Volume 2." New York, 1908. Accessed online via (Regarding McKenna connections to the neighborhood)

Hall, Henry. America's Successful Men of Affairs: The City of New York. New York Tribune, New York, 1895. Accessed online via

Pierce, Carl Horton; Toler, William Pennington; and Nutting, Harmon De Pau. New Harlem Past and Present: The Story of an Amazing Civic Wrong, Now at Last to be Righted. New Harlem Pub. Co., New York, 1903.

Credits with links to sources are in the captions under the maps.

New York Times: "Rapid Transformation in Four Years in Upper Washington Heights Section," December 22, 1912. Accessed via online archive.

New York Times, "Architect Leaves Legacy in 20 Parks," December 8, 1985. Accessed via online archive.

Credits with links to sources are in the captions under the photos. Photos without credit in the captions are by History Underfoot blog author.

Websites (regarding Thomas McKenna)
Yodelout!: New York History (regarding Shepherd Knapp)

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